The two most common types of irrigation are:

  • Drip irrigation
  • Turf irrigation

Flex pipe and spaghetti line with emitters is used to water plants and trees. Hard line piping and pop up heads is used to water grass.

For installing irrigation we start with your landscape plan that has been engineered per the agreed specifications for each particular project so we can accurately calculate your materials list. In most cases if you have a bare backyard, there will be a white PVC stub with a black electrical line wrapped around it. (Some builders don’t include this so we would need to tap into the main line and add a PVB valve to prevent backflow)

The home builder usually puts this next to the house near one of the walls that divide the front and back side yards. This is where a valve and valve box will need to be installed. The valve wire will need to be connected here and at the irrigation clock in the garage. Some homes you will also have to connect the wires in the front yard valve box.

After the valve or valves are installed (between 60 and 100 drip heads per valve), the water lines need to be installed.

If we are running a drip line for plants and trees then poly line is needed. The poly line will be in a shallow trench running from the valve box around the yard to the furthest plant.

We keep the poly pipe as close to each plant as possible. Now the 1/4″ tubing (spaghetti) will be connected at the poly tubing and ran to each plant. At the end of the spaghetti line we add a drip head.

The head can be anywhere from 10 gallons per hour down to 1 gallon per hour depending on the type of plant we are planting.

For example, to water a cactus you would need 1 to 2 gallons and 7 to 8 gallons for bamboo.

Before we bury your lines we turn the valve on and check for leaks.

Installing Turf irrigation for grass is the same as the drip irrigation up to the valves. The pipe used from the valve to the turf heads is 3/4″ PVC in most cases. Each valve can run 6 to 10 heads depending on the water pressure.

We use pop up adjustable spray heads. This will allow you to mow your grass on the highest level of the lawn mower. This is very important in summer months.

Longer grass keeps the ground and roots cool in the summer… this means a less stressed lawn.

How often do you need water?

No yard is really the same and so neither is their watering schedule. This is something every home owner will have to play with over time. There are so many factors that come in to play like water pressure, drainage, plant maturity, sun exposure and winter exposure.

So we suggest starting with once a day, five or six days a week, for 6 minutes in the spring and the fall. Once a day, 3-4 days a week, for 6 minutes in winter.

For summer water 2 times a day, every day, for 6 minutes until the temperatures get over 100 degrees then set it to go off 3 times a day. Although heavy watering for the first 2 to 4 weeks is necessary.

Remember: Longer grass keeps the ground and roots cool in the summer… this means a less stressed lawn. But just be sure the sprinkler heads do not become restricted by the long grass. If needed, you can run a grass trimmer around each head about a 12” perimeter allowing the water to spray freely.

For the first 6 to 12 months your plants and grass will be acclimating to their new home and climate depending on where they were grown. Be patient during this time and be ready for them to turn brown at times and get droopy at times. They may drop all of their leaves to protect themselves if a cold front moves in.

The sago plant for instance, frawns may turn completely brown and die off if it gets extremely cold but when spring hits it will sprout new growth from the center 99% of the time. All plants grow differently even if they are identical plants, one may bloom one year and the other may not. Only to have them reverse the next year.

This is all part of the fun of having a beautiful landscape with a variety of plants. There will be challenges with your yard as time goes on. If you like gardening then embrace the challenge. If you just want to relax and enjoy your new yard we suggest hiring a professional to maintain your new paradise.

Well, that about wraps it up give us a call at 702-839-LAWN (5296) for a free consultation or fill out the contact form on home page. We look forward to meeting you!